Renukoot is located at 24.2°N 83.03°E.It has an average elevation of 283 metres (931 feet). Renukoot lies in the southeast-most part of Uttar Pradesh and sits next to Shakti Nagar, Anpara and Obra. Renukoot is in Sonebhadra district. It is the only district in India which borders four states, namely Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, and Bihar.
As of the 2011 India census,Renukoot had a population of 3,47,524. Males constituted 57% of the population and females 43%. Renukoot had an average literacy rate of 73%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; male literacy is 80%, and female literacy is 64%. 14% of the population was under 6 years of age.
When former indian Prime Minister Pt.Jawaharlal Nehru came for the inauguration of Rihand Dam, GD Birla and JRD Tata accompanied him. He asked them to set up an industry here. GD Birla agreed and set up Hindalco Industries Limited in 1963. This was the foundation of Renukoot.
Renukoot has the largest fully integrated aluminium plant in Asia, Hindalco. Renukoot lies in one of the most important industrial belts of India